Quick Answer: Which Was A State Secret Police?

What does FSB stand for?

Federal Security ServiceFederal Security Service (FSB), Russian Federalnaya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti, formerly (1994–95) Federal Counterintelligence Service, Russian internal security and counterintelligence service created in 1994 as one of the successor agencies of the Soviet-era KGB..

What were the secret police called in Germany?

The Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police), abbreviated Gestapo (German: [ɡəˈʃtaːpo]; /ɡəˈstɑːpoʊ/), was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and in German-occupied Europe.

What were the Soviet police called?

The name militsiya as applied to police forces originates from a Russian Provisional Government decree dated April 17, 1917, and from early Soviet history: both the Provisional Government and the Bolsheviks intended to associate their new law-enforcement authority with the self-organisation of the people and to …

How many did the NKVD kill?

It is estimated that over 4000 people were murdered that way, while the number of survivors is estimated at approximately 270. A Ukrainian uprising briefly forced the NKVD to retreat, but it soon returned to kill the remaining prisoners in their cells.

What is the Chinese secret police called?

The Ministry of State Security (MSS) is the intelligence, security and secret police agency of the People’s Republic of China (non-military area of interests), responsible for counter-intelligence, foreign intelligence and political security.

What is the difference between the KGB and the NKVD?

It is GPU which later became known as KGB. … The OGPU succeeded the GPU as the state security force which in turn became the NKVD which in turn became the KGB. Therefore, the NKVD was secret police, and they are all the same thing just during different time periods.

What was the Red Terror in Russia?

The Red Terror (Russian: Красный террор) was a period of political repression and mass killings carried out by Bolsheviks after the beginning of the Russian Civil War in 1918. … The Cheka (the Bolshevik secret police) carried out the repressions perpetrated during the Red Terror.

Who had secret police?

After the Russian Revolution, the Soviet Union established the OGPU, NKVD, NKGB, MVD, and KGB. In Nazi Germany, the Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police, Gestapo) (1933–1945) was used to eliminate opposition; as part of the Reich Main Security Office, it also was a vital organizer of the Holocaust.

What does Gulag mean?

Glavnoe Upravlenie LagereiThe Gulag was a system of forced labor camps established during Joseph Stalin’s long reign as dictator of the Soviet Union. The word “Gulag” is an acronym for Glavnoe Upravlenie Lagerei, or Main Camp Administration.

What is the secret police of Russia?

7 December] 1917) a secret political police, the Cheka, led by Felix Dzerzhinsky. It gained the right to undertake quick non-judicial trials and executions, if that was deemed necessary in order to “protect the Russian Socialist-Communist revolution”.

What is the KGB secret police?

listen)), translated in English as the Committee for State Security, was the secret police force that was the main security agency for the Soviet Union from 1954 until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. … While most of the KGB archives remain classified, two online documentary sources are available.

Which country has best intelligence?

10 Style Trends That Will Be Everywhere This FallRankingCountryAverage IQ1Singapore107.12China105.83Hong Kong105.74South Korea104.621 more rows•Jan 11, 2019