Question: Who Is Most Fit To Be A Ruler According To Plato?

Who should rule according to Plato?

Plato’s ideal rulers are philosopher-kings.

Not only are they the most wise, but they are also virtuous and selfless.

To combat corruption, Plato’s Socrates suggests that the rulers would live simply and communally..

What is Plato’s philosophy?

Plato is also considered the founder of Western political philosophy. His most famous contribution is the theory of Forms known by pure reason, in which Plato presents a solution to the problem of universals known as Platonism (also ambiguously called either Platonic realism or Platonic idealism).

What were Plato’s main ideas?

Plato believed that reality is an imperfect reflection of a perfect ideal called the Forms. He demonstrates the effect of this dual reality and the need for education in his Allegory of the Cave. Like the dualism of reality, Plato also believed that humans are of a dual nature: body and mind.

What is a good life according to Plato?

Individuals who simply aspire for great wealth, fame, and power for its own sake were misguided. To Plato, a life well lived was achieved by the pursuit of higher knowledge and man’s social obligation to the common good. How does one develop “aretê” or virtue according to Plato? First, by thinking more.

What is Plato’s view of human nature?

Plato viewed human beings as inherently rational, social souls burdened by imprisonment within their physical bodies. According to him, the soul or mind attains knowledge of the forms, as opposed to the senses.

What type of government did Aristotle believe in?

Aristotle considers constitutional government (a combination of oligarchy and democracy under law) the ideal form of government, but he observes that none of the three are healthy and that states will cycle between the three forms in an abrupt and chaotic process known as the kyklos or anacyclosis.

What is Plato’s ideal form of government?

Aristocracy is the form of government (politeia) advocated in Plato’s Republic. This regime is ruled by a philosopher king, and thus is grounded on wisdom and reason.

What is the greatest good According to Plato?

Like most other ancient philosophers, Plato maintains a virtue-based eudaemonistic conception of ethics. That is to say, happiness or well-being (eudaimonia) is the highest aim of moral thought and conduct, and the virtues (aretê: ‘excellence’) are the requisite skills and dispositions needed to attain it.

Who is a philosopher according to Plato?

According to Plato, a philosopher king is a ruler who possesses both a love of wisdom, as well as intelligence, reliability, and a willingness to live a simple life. … For such a community to ever come into being, “philosophers [must] become kings…or those now called kings [must]…

What are the 3 classes in Plato’s Republic?

Guardian. Plato divides his just society into three classes: the producers, the auxiliaries, and the guardians. The guardians are responsible for ruling the city. They are chosen from among the ranks of the auxiliaries, and are also known as philosopher-kings.

Is Plato right in thinking philosophers should rule?

In The Republic, Plato argues that kings should become philosophers or that philosophers should become kings, or philosopher kings, as they possess a special level of knowledge, which is required to rule the Republic successfully.

What did Plato invent?

Plato invented a theory of vision involving three streams of light: one from the what is being seen, one from the eyes, and one from the illuminating source.