Question: How Do You Enrich And Maintain Soil Fertility?

What are the factors affecting soil fertility?

FACTORS AFFECTING SOIL FERTILITYMineral composition – knowing the mineral composition of the soil, we can predict its ability to retain plant nutrients.

Soil pH – Soil pH is important in maintaining proper soil fertility.

Soil Texture – Different sized minerals particles give the soil its structure – sand, silt a clay.More items…•.

What is soil fertility and productivity?

Soil fertility is a complex quality of soils that is closest to plant nutrient management. … Soil productivity is the ability of a soil to support crop production determined by the entire spectrum of its physical, chemical and biological attributes.

How do you enrich soil naturally?

Add Organic MatterAdd manures for nitrogen. All livestock manures can be valuable additions to soil — their nutrients are readily available to soil organisms and plants. … Try composting. … Tap chicken power to mix organic materials into the soil. … “Mine” soil nutrients with deep rooted plants. … Plant cover crops.

Is required to maintain the fertility of the soil?

The quality of irrigation water is very important to maintain soil fertility and tilth, and for using more soil depth by the plants. … Saline water enhance the turgor pressure or osmotic pressure requirement which impedes the off take of water and nutrients by the plant roots.

How can we improve soil fertility at home?

Add Organic MatterAdd manures for nitrogen. All livestock manures can be valuable additions to soil — their nutrients are readily available to soil organisms and plants. … Try composting. … Tap chicken power to mix organic materials into the soil. … Plant cover crops.

How do fertilizers increase soil fertility?

Fertilizer, natural or artificial substance containing the chemical elements that improve growth and productiveness of plants. Fertilizers enhance the natural fertility of the soil or replace the chemical elements taken from the soil by previous crops.

Which type of soil is the most fertile?

Loamy soils are the most fertile soil .Loamy soils are mixture of sand , silt , and clay. They have a lot of organic matter.Silty soil can occur in nature as soil or suspended sediment in water column of a water body on the surface of the earth. it composed of minerals like quartz and fine organic particles .

How can soil fertility be lost?

Soil erosion – Top soil is lost by the agent of erosion e.g. wind, water. … Change of soil PH -Use of either acidic or basic fertilizers affect soil pH and Consequently the presence of micro-organisms hence soil fertility affected. Burning of vegetations –Destroys organic matter and soil structure.

What can I add to my soil to improve it?

7 Ways to Improve Garden SoilAdd Compost. Compost is decomposed organic matter, and it is the best thing you use to improve the health of garden soil. … Get a Soil Test. … Mulch the Soil Surface. … Prevent Soil Compaction. … Rotate Crops Each Year. … Grow Cover Crops. … Add Aged Animal Manure.

How can we maintain soil fertility?

How to maintain soil fertilityMulching. Mulching is the process of covering bare soil with organic materials. … Cover crops. Cover crops help feed with the decomposing leaves from the crops hence improving its fertility. … Adding organic matter. … Minimum tillage. … Use fertilisers wisely. … Soil testing.

How fertility of soil can be maintained by natural methods?

Explanation: Under natural conditions, a soil’s fertility is maintained through the recycling of organic matter. In every ecosystem, plants grow and later die, returning the nutrients they took up to the soil. … This can be enhanced through organic and inorganic fertilizers to the soil such as biochar fertilizer .